North America and most of the Western Hemisphere is in store for a major spectacle this Friday as we’ll be treated to June’s full “Strawberry Moon” in all of its glory.
And for much of the world, the June Full Moon will also coincide with a dazzling kickoff of the second eclipse season of year, with a penumbral lunar eclipse lasting
over 3 hours.
NASA reports that the full moon will become visible on June 5 at 3:12 p.m. EDT, or 8:12 p.m. for people in the U.K.
“The Moon will appear full for about three days around this time, from early Thursday morning into early Sunday morning,” the space agency’s website explains.
All names for the Full Moons are connected to seasonal activities.
The Full Moon of June is traditionally called the Strawberry Moon. The strawberry moon’s name isn’t derived from any expected color of the moon, but instead comes from Indigenous northeastern North Americans’ name for the relatively
short strawberry growing season and the wild strawberries that usually ripen during this month. It is also called the Rose Moon, as these flowers start to bloom in June.
Other names for the Full Moon in June include the Honey Moon, the Mead Moon and the Hot Moon.
“Mead is a drink created by fermenting honey mixed with water, sometimes with fruits, spices, grains, or hops,” NASA continued. The agency explained:
“The tradition of calling the first month of marriage the ‘honeymoon’ dates back to at least the 1500’s and may be tied to this full Moon, either because of the custom
of marrying in June or because the ‘Honey Moon’ is the ‘sweetest’ Moon of the year.
“Some writings suggest that the time around the Summer solstice at the end of June was when honey was ripe and ready to be harvested from hives or from the wild, which made this the ‘sweetest’ Moon.”
The June full moon also has a long and celebrated significance for Hindus and Buddhists.
“June was traditionally the month of marriages, and is even named after the Roman goddess of marriage, Juno. Following marriage comes the ‘honeymoon,’ which may be tied to this full Moon’s name!,” the Old Farmer’s Almanac explained:
However, while the moon will be shining brilliantly in North America, people in other parts of the world will be treated to an entirely different lunar
display – a penumbral lunar eclipse that will render the moon “dark and silvery,” reports LiveScience.
The penumbral lunar eclipse is different than a partial or total lunar eclipse. In this case, the Earth will be placed between the Sun and the moon, forming a line
that is not entirely straight. As a result, the Earth will be blocking sunlight from reaching the moon’s surface and will form a somewhat pale shadow called the penumbra.
According to Universe Today, most of Europe, Brazil, and western Africa and will see the eclipse underway when the moon rises Friday night, while the remainder
of Africa and most of Asia will see the entirety of the eclipse. Northeast Asia, New Zealand, and Australia will witness the eclipse toward dawn when the moon is setting.
Sadly, North America and South America will miss out on this eclipse.
The eclipse will last three hours, 18 minutes and 13 seconds. In total, however, it will take 19 hours for it to complete its cycle.
Astrophysicist Dr. David Gozzard of the University of Western Australia International Center for Radio Astronomy Research told the Daily Mail that Aussies will be able to see the eclipsed full moon without any need for binoculars or a telescope, explaining:
“Because it’s going to last about three hours that means it’s going to be peaking around twilight, so around dawn, when the sun is getting up.
“The full moon is going to be quite high in the sky so it’ll be reasonably obvious. Anywhere you can get out and see the sky and see the moon will be a good place
to see it from, as long as you can get a reasonably unobstructed view to the west.”
Other lunar eclipses due to occur this year will happen in July and November, both of which will also be penumbral ones.